Pepper is the most popular spice in the world today, is a high-class spice, accounting for a leading role (about 34%) of the total value of spice production traded in the world. The demand for pepper in the world is increasing, making the trade on pepper also exciting. World pepper prices fluctuated based on price fluctuations in major pepper exporting countries such as Vietnam, Brazil, Indonesia and India.
 The pepper industry is one of the agriculture sectors that has made an important contribution to the entire agricultural sector of Vietnam. The area of ​​pepper in Vietnam has continuously increased sharply from 2012 to 2018 with a CAGR of 20.24% annual growth rate because the sharp increase of pepper prices in the period of 2012-2015 has made farmers in the regions. Growing pepper continuously expands new crop areas.
 Vietnam’s pepper output has grown steadily with an estimated CAGR of 12.1% during 2012-2018 and accounts for 40% of global pepper production, of which black pepper accounts for major proportion with 89% of total production.
 In the third quarter of 2019, pepper export volume of all types of pepper was estimated to increase over the same period in 2018. Total export turnover decreased compared to the third quarter of 2018. Although Vietnam’s pepper export output has continuously increased over the years and become the largest pepper exporter in the world, Vietnam’s pepper exports in 2019 are forecast to be difficult. when supply is exceeding demand.
 The average export price of pepper in Vietnam increased sharply in the period from 2012 to 2015, then plummeted continuously from the end of 2015 to the present. Generally in the first 9 months of 2019, the export price of pepper decreased compared to the same period last year, resulting in a decline in sales of many enterprises in 2018.


 Executive summary

  1. Business environment 

 1.1. Macroeconomic situation

 1.2. Legal framework

 1.3. Trade agreements

  1. Global pepper market 

 2.1. Current situation

 2.1.1. Definition and classification

 2.1.2. Production

 2.2. Consumption

 2.3. Import – Export

 2.3.1. Export

 2.3.2. Import

 2.4. Pepper prices movement 

 2.5. Pepper markets in key countries

  1. Vietnam pepper market

 3.1. History of formation and development

 3.2. Industry value chain 

 3.3. Production process and technology

 3.4. Production

 3.5. Consumption 

 3.6. Import – Export

 3.7. Pepper prices movement 

 3.8. Purchase and payment

 3.9. Risk and Swot analysis

 3.9.1. Risks

 3.9.2. SWOT

 3.10. Planning and forescasts 

 3.10.1. Planning

 3.10.2. Forecasts 

  1. Enterprise 

 4.1. Enterprise introduction

 4.2. Enterprise analysis

 Appendix of financial statements

Olam Vietnam Co., Ltd.

Intimex Group

Simeco Daklak

Phuc Sinh Joint Stock Company

Pearl Trading Service and Import Export Joint Stock Company

Nedspice Processing Vietnam Company Limited

Son Ha Spice  & Flavorings LTD

Lien Thanh Joint Stock Company

DK Commodity Co., Ltd. 

Harris Freeman Vietnam Company Limited


List of figures

 Figure 1: GDP growth rate by quarter, 2016 – 2019

 Figure 2: Output value of agriculute, forestry and fishery in the first 9 months (at constant price 2010), 2016 – 2019

 Figure 3: VND/USD exchange rate, 1/2013 – 9/2019

 Figure 4: Average lending rate, 2012 – 3M/2019

 Figure 5: Goods Import – Export,9M/ 2013 – 9M/2019

 Figure 6: The proportion of pepper industry in Vietnam’s export value, 2010-9M/2019

 Figure 7: Growth rate of world pepper area, 2014-2018

 Figure 8: World pepper production by type, 2013-2019f

 Figure 9: Black pepper production by country, 2018

 Figure 10: White pepper volume by country, 2018

 Figure 11: Pepper consumption by region, 2018

 Figure 12: World pepper consumption, 2012 – 2018

 Figure 13: Pepper consumption in major pepper producing countries, 2017 – 2019f

 Figure 14: World pepper imports, 2012 – 2018

 Figure 15: World pepper import (ton), 2018

 Figure 16: A verage export prices in major producing countries by month, 2/2016-12/2018

 Figure 17: Indian pepper price movement on NCDEX, 1/2019-8/2019

 Figure 18: Indonesia’s pepper production by product, 2018e

 Figure 19: Indonesia’s pepper prodution by region, 2018e

 Figure 20: Pepper import and export in Indonesia, 2010-2018

 Figure 21: Pepper production in India, 2011 – 2018e

 Figure 22: Pepper consumption in India, 2011 – 2019e

 Figure 23: India’s pepper import and import, 2012-2018

 Figure 24: India’s pepper export market,2017

 India’s pepper import market,2017

 Figure 25: Brazil’s pepper production and consumption, 2011 – 2018

 Figure 26: Pepper production by type, 2018e

 Figure 27: Brazil’s pepper export by type, 2017

 Figure 28: Brazil’s pepper import by type, 2017

 Figure 29: Brazil’s import-export, 2012-2018

 Figure 30: Added value chain model for agricultural products

 Figure 31: Pepper area in Vietnam, 2009 – 2018e

 Figure 32: Pepper area by region, 2017

 Figure 33: Pepper production in Vietnam, 2012 – 2018

 Figure 34: Pepper production by type, 2018

 Figure 35: Distribution structure of pepper volume in Vietnam, 2018

 Figure 36: Vietnam’s pepper consumption, 2011-2018e

 Figure 37: Pepper exports and export turnover in Vietnam, 2011 – 9M/2019

 Figure 38: Pepper exports by country in the first 9 month, 2018-2019

 Figure 39: Pepper export by country, 2018 – 9M/2019

 Figure 40: Pepper exported by type, 2018e

 Figure 41:Pepper exported by processing step, 2018e

 Figure 42: pepper export by form of enterprise, 2013 – 2018

 Figure 43: Top 10 largest pepper export enterprises in Vietnam, 2018

 Figure 44: Vietnam’s pepper imports, 2018

 Figure 45: Vietnam’s pepper import, 2010 – 2018

 Figure 46: Average monthly export price of pepper, 1/2017 – 9/2019

 Figure 47: Export price movement of pepper in Vietnam, 


 Figure 48: The wholesale price of black pepper by month, 1/2017-8/2019

 Figure 49: The wholesale price of black pepper by week, 7/2019 – 9/2019

 Figure 50: Forecast for pepper export volume, 2015 – 2022f

 Figure 51: Net revenue from goods sold and services provided, 2017-2018

 Gross profit and gross profit ratio, 2017-2018

 Figure 52: Selling expenses/Net revenue, 2017-2018

 Figure 53: G&A expenses/net revenue, 2017-2018

 Figure 54: Financial costs/net revenue, 2017-2018

 Figure 55: Asset structure, 2018

 Figure 56: Capital structure, 2018

 Figure 57: Liquidityrations, 2017-2018

 Figure 58: Efficiencyratios 2018


List of tables

 Table 1: Various characteristics of black and white pepper

 Table 2: Top largest pepper exporting countries in the world by volume (ton), 2017-2018

 Table 3: Pepper harvest time in major producing countries around the world

 Table 4: Name of equipment in black pepper processing line

 Table 5: Physical properties of black pepper

 Table 6: Chemical properties of black pepper

 Table 7: ASTA standard table

 Table 8: IPC standard for black pepper

 Table 9: IPC standards for white pepper

 Table 10: Top countries importing pepper by value (USD), 2016 – 2017

 Table 11: Pepper harvest time and schedule for Vietnam’s pepper areas


 Table 13: Criteria for assessing profitability of enterprises, 2018