VIETNAM LOGISTICS

Of all the international transport operations, sea transport is always the main mode, accounting for over 90% of the world trade volume. In 2019, the demand for transporting goods by container was estimated to increase sharply and achieving 4,7% due to the world economy’s recovery, good growth rate of commercialization. This figure was lower than 2018 because of the impact of US-China trade stress. Besides, The prospect of economic growth in 2019 is expected to be not as strong as previous years.

Vietnam ranked 64/160 and was in the middle of ASEAN according to LPI classification. Transportation accounts for the largest proportion in the logistics revenue structure. Generally for Q1/2019, the shipped merchandise volume increased by 8.6% compared to the previous year, the inventory turnover volume increased 6.5% over the same period of the previous year.

Regardless transportation industries, road is the type of transport with the largest proportion, accounting for 77%, followed by inland waterway with 17.8%. Rail transport and air transport account for a very small proportion, reaching 0.3% and 0.2% relatively. In general, the proportion of goods transported by all forms of transportation in Q1/2019 maintained stable and did not change over the years. VIRAC forecasts that in the period of 2018-2023, road will continue to maintain a low growth rate and still be the type of transport with the largest revenue.

In the context of US- China trade stress, Logistics of Vietnam is forecasted to benefit from the increase in import and export in the near future. Therefore, logistics enterprises must prepare well to make use of all opportunities.

Abbreviations
Executive summary
1. Business environment
1.1 Macroeconomic situation
1.2 Legal framework
1.3 Trade agreements
2. Overview of world logistics industry
2.1 Evaluation criteria of logistics activities
2.2 Transportation
2.3 Warehousing
2.4 Port operation
2.5 Logistics industry in some regions in the world
3. Vietnam logistics industry
3.1 General situation of Vietnam logistics industry
3.2 Transportation
3.3 Warehousing
3.4 Port operation
3.5 Technology Trend
4. Development issues of Vietnam logistics industry
4.1 Challenges
4.2 Risks
4.3 Planning and forecasts
5. Enterprise analysis
5.1 Some typical enterprises in the industry
5.2 Transport enterprises
5.3 Port enterprises
6 Appendix of financial statements

PETROVIETNAM TRANSPORTATION CORPORATION (PVT)
VINAFREIGHT JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VNF)
VIETNAM OCEAN SHIPPING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VOS)
SOUTH LOGISTICS JOINT STOCK COMPANY (STG)
VIETNAM TANKER JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VTO)
VINAFCO SHIPPING JOINT STOCK COMPANY( VFC)
VIETNAM OCEAN SHIPPING AGENCY CORPORATION (VSA)
VIETNAM SEA TRANSPORTAND CHARTERING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VST)
GEMADEPT JOINT STOCK COMPANY (GMD)
VIETNAM CONTAINER SHIPPING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VSC)
TAN CANG LOGISTICS & STEVEDORING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (TCL)
DINHVU PORT INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMENT JOINT STOCK COMPANY(DVP)
HAI AN TRANSPORT AND STEVEDORING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (HAH)
DONG NAI PORT JOINT STOCK COMPANY(PDN)
CAT LAI PORT JOINT STOCK COMPANY (CLL)
DOAN XA PORT JOINT STOCK. COMPANY (DXP)

List of figures
Figure 1: GDP growth by quarter, 2016 – 2019
Figure 2: GDP at current prices and per capita GDP, 2013-2018
Figure 3: VND/USD exchange rate, 1/2013-3/2019
Figure 4: Foreign Direct Investment, 2016– 2019
Figure 5: World crude oil price, 2011 – Q1/2019
Figure 6: Imports and exports of commodity, 2016 – Q1/2019
Figure 7: Contribution of FDI enterprises to import and export, Q1/2019
Figure 8: Most exported goods, Q1/2019
Figure 9: Structure of exported commodity groups, Q1/2019
Figure 10: Main export markets of Vietnam, Q1/2019
Figure 11: Size of global logistics market, 2015 – 2020f
Figure 12: The 3PL logistics revenue serves a number of major industries, 2015 – 2017
Figure 13: Proportion of logistics expenses in GDP, 2016
Figure 14: Proportion of logistics expenses in GDP of some countries, 2017
Figure 15: Demand for sea transport worldwide, 2013 – 2017e
Figure 16: Proportion of container goods in sea transport, 1980 – 2020e
Figure 17: Baltic Dry Index (BDI), 2003 – 2019
Figure 18: Growth rate of demand in container shipping, 2008-2018e
Figure 19: Global air freight volume, 2004- 2019d
Figure 20: Global revenue from air freight volume, 2004 -2018e
Figure 21: Airports that have the largest freight capacity, 2017
Figure 22: Structure of port cargo throughput by region, 2017
Figure 23: Top seaport has the greatest amount of cargo throughput on the world, 2017
Figure 24: Proportion of container cargo in sea transport, 1980 – 2020f
Figure 25: Volume of seaport container cargo throughput worldwide, 2008 – 2017
Figure 26: Structure of container cargo passing through ports by region, 2017
Figure 27: Top largest container ports on the world, 2016 – 2017
Figure 28: Volume of airport freight throughput by region, 2017e
Figure 29: Volume of good passing through the top largest airports, 2017
Figure 30: Size of 3PL market by region, 2017
Figure 31: Revenue of logistics industry, 2011 – 2017
Figure 32: Share of revenue in logistics activities, 2017
Figure 33: Percentage of logistic costs in 2016 GDP of Vietnam compared to other countries, 2017
Figure 34: Logistics costs of some exported products
Figure 35: LPI rank of Vietnam, 2010- 2018
Figure 36: Logistics performance index of Vietnam (LPI), 2007- 2018
Figure 37: Proportion of logistics enterprises in Vietnam, 2017e
Figure 38: Profit of types of transportation, 2011-2017
Figure 39: Revenue of types of transportation, 2011-2017
Figure 40: Freight density by transport area, Q1/2019
Figure 41: Share of cargo volume through various types of transport, 6M/2016 – Q1/2019
Figure 42: Volume of goods transported by road in some provinces, 2018-Q1/2019
Figure 43: Volume of goods transported by road, 2010 – Q1/2019
Figure 44: Volume of freight transported by railway, 2010-Q1/2019
Figure 45: Volume of cargo transported by sea of some provinces, 2018-Q1/2019
Figure 46: Volume of cargo transported by sea, 2012 –Q1/2019
Figure 47: Structure of Vietnam’s cargo ship fleet by category 2016
Figure 48: Volume of cargo transported by inland waterway, 2010 – Q1/2019
Figure 49: Volume of goods transported by air, 2012 – Q1/2019
Figure 50: Scale of a number of distribution centers in Vietnam, 2018
Figure 51: Revenue from warehousing, 2010 – 2017
Figure 52: Revenue from loading and unloading activities, 2010 – 2017
Figure 53: Warehouse size of enterprises with large distribution centers in Vietnam, 2018
Figure 54: Volume of port cargo throughput, 2013 – Q1/2019
Figure 55: Volume of port container cargo throughput, 2013– Q1/2019
Figure 56: Structure of port cargo throughput, Q1/2019
Figure 57: Market sharer of Vietnam seaports, 2018
Figure 58: Volume of port container cargo throughput by region, 2010 – Q1/2019
Figure 59: Volume of port cargo throughput by region, 2011 – Q1/2019
Figure 60: Volume of Northern ports cargo throughput, 2005 – Q1/2019
Figure 61: Volume of container throughput at Northern Ports, 2011 – 2018
Figure 62: Structure of container volume throughput at Northern Ports, 2018
Figure 63: Volume of cargo throughput at Hai Phong port, 2010 -2020e
Figure 64: Volume of cargo throughput at the Central ports, 2013-2018
Figure 65: Volume of container cargo throughput at the Central ports, 2013-2018
Figure 66: Structure of container volume at the Central ports, 2018
Figure 67: Volume of container throughput at the Southern ports, 2013 – 2018
Figure 68: Volume of cargo throughput at Southern ports, 2013-2018
Figure 69: Structure of container throughput volume at the Southern ports, 2018
Figure 70: Volume of cargo throughput volume at South East ports, 2013 – 2018
Figure 71: Volume of cargo throughput at the Mekong Delta ports, 2011 – 2018
Figure 72: Percentage of logistics enterprises applying information technology in business and production, 2016-2017
Figure 73: Global logistics market size, 2015 – 2020f
Figure 74: Forecast for the development of various types of vehicles, 1970-2030f
Figure 74: Revenue of all types of transportation, 2015 – 2022f
Figure 76: The main import markets of Vietnam, 2018
Figure 77: The main export markets of Vietnam, 2018
Figure 78: Total value of Chinese exports to the United States which is subject to a 10% tax rate (USD billion)
Figure 79: Net revenue, 2017 – 2018
Figure 80: Gross profit margin, 2017-2018
Figure 81: Capital structure, 2017 – 2018
Figure 82: Payment ratio, 2017 – 2018
Figure 83: Profit ratio, 2017 – 2018
Figure 84: Net revenue, 2017 – 2018
Figure 85: Gross profit margin, 2017 – 2018
Figure 86: Profit ratio, 2017 – 2018
Figure 87: Solvency of port enterprises, 2017 – 2018
Figure 88: Solvency of transport enterprises, 2017 – 2018
Figure 89: Index of profit of port enterprises and transport enterprises, 2017 – 2018

List of tables
Table 1: Relevant legal documents
Table 2: Top countries with the highest LPI rank in the world, 2018
Table 3: Revenues of the top 10 largest 3PL service providers in the world, 2017
Table 4: Trade routes which develop the most, 2016
Table 5: World’s top 10 companies with the largest cold storage system, 2019e
Table 6: Logistics markets having the largest increase in warehouse rental prices, 2017
Table 7: World’s markets that have the highest warehousing hiring cost , 2017
Table 8: Logistics markets having the largest decrease in warehouse rental prices, 2017
Table 9: Vietnam road traffic system, 2018e
Table 10: Average speed on railway lines, 2014 – 2017
Table 11: Permissible load on lines
Table 12: Data of main railway lines, railway lines, and feeder roads, 2015-2018
Table 13: Number of inland waterway transport vehicles, 2017
Table 14:Comparison between efficiency of river and road container transport modes over distances
Table 15: Comparison between barges and road transport costs by route
Table 16: Parameters of airports which include cargo terminals, 2018
Table 17: Comparison between storage and distribution center
Table 18: Capacity of receiving ships of Vietnam seaports
Table 19: Container yard at Hai Phong Port
Table 20: Hai Phong port CFS warehouse
Table 21: Projects which are being invested in Hai Phong port
Table 22: Projects which are being invested in Quang Ninh port
Table 23: Projects which are being invested in Central Vietnam
Table 24: Projects which are being invested
Table 25: CARGO THROUGHPUT DEMAND FOR SHALLOW WATER PORTS TO 2025, 2030 AND AFTER 2030
Table 26: DETAILED PLANNING ON DEVELOPMENT OF SHALLOW WATER PORTS IN THE CENTRAL AND CENTRAL HIGHLANDS
Table 27: DETAILED PLANNING FOR DEVELOPING THE PORTAL OF THE CENTRAL REGION – TAY NGUYEN
Table 28: DETAILED PLANNING FOR DEVELOPING THE PORTLAND OF THE SOUTHERN AREA
Table 29: PORTFOLIO OF PRIOR INVESTED LOGISTICS CENTERS TO 2020
Table 30: LOGISTICS CENTERS PLANNING IN THE WHOLE COUNTRY TO 2020 WITH ORIENTATION TO 2030
Table 31: LOGISTICS CENTERS PLANNING IN THE WHOLE COUNTRY TO 2020 WITH ORIENTATION TO 2030
Table 32: Forecast growth rate of export and import of Vietnam, 2013-2020f
Table 33: Some typical transportation enterprises
Table 34: Some typical port enterprises