China and the United States are the two countries with the highest electricity consumption in the world in 2016. The average increase in electricity price in the world was 1.75% in the period 2011-2015. Since 2005, Asia has officially surpassed Europe and North America to become the world’s largest producer of electricity. Power consumption in the world continuously increased in the period 2006 – 2016e with double growth rate CAGR of 2.64%, since during this period, the global economy has continued to grow strongly.

Currently, EVN still has a monopoly on the segments of regulation, electricity wholesaling, transmission and distribution or retailing. The annually double growth of electricity supply was 10.3% in the period 2010-2017. Accumulated the first 3 months of 2018, the total volume of electricity supply reached xx.xx billion kWh, an increase of 11.2% over the same period in 2017. Electricity transmission is mainly from the North to the Central and to the South. The main sources of electricity are Hydroelectricity, Coal Thermoelectricity and Gas Thermoelectricity, accounting for 93.78% of the total power capacity in the first three months of 2018.

Import proportion of electricity has been gradually stabilizing over the years. The proportion of imported electricity in total electricity supply in the country has remained constantly from 1.3% to 2% in the period 2015-2018. In 2018, imported electricity output is forecast to reach billion kWh, accounting for 1.33% of total electricity supply. Vietnam electricity loss has tended downward but remained high in 2017, electricity loss rate was 7.47%, exceeding 0.13% of the year’s plan (7.6%), however, it was still in high level.

Vietnam power demand has grown fast in the period from 2001 to 2017 with the estimated average growth of 11.3% per year and is forecast to continuously increase in the next 15 years. Electricity price in Vietnam is quite low compared to other countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Power generation is the only segment with the participation of corporate outside EVN due to the specific requirements of capital investment. Therefore, the competitive electricity market in Vietnam will also start the first phase of this segment. The growth rate in the period 2017 – 2020f is forecast to reach 10.7%, in the period 2021-2025f and 2025-2030f would be 9.7% and 8.7%, respectively. Electricity demand is expected to continue growing at 10-11% per year in the coming years.



Executive Summary
1. Business environment
1.1 Macroeconomic situation
1.2 Legal framework
2. Industry overview
2.1 Situation of global electricity industry
2.1.1 Demand and supply for electricity
2.2 Situation of Vietnam electricity industry
2.2.1 History of Vietnam electricity industry
2.2.2 Value chain of the industry
2.2.3 Electricity generation
2.2.4 Electricity consumption
2.2.5 Electricity price
2.3 Issues in energy industries development
2.3.1 Existing
2.3.2 Challenges
2.4 Planning and forecasting
3. Business analysis
3.1 Typical companies of electricity industry
3.2 Business performance indicators
3.3 Financial indicators
3.4 Payment indicators

Southern Power Corporation – EVNSPC
Ho Chi Minh Power Company – EVNHCMC
Hanoi Power Company – EVNHANOI
Central Power Corporation – EVNCPC
Hai Phong Thermal Power Joint Stock Company
Quang Ninh Thermal Power Joint Stock Company
Pha Lai Thermal Power Joint Stock Company
BOT Phy My 3 Power Company Limited
Mekong Energy Company

List of figures
Figure 1: Monthly CPI fluctuations, 2014 – 2017
Figure 2: GDP growth rate by quarter, 2015-2017
Figure 3: VND/USD exchange rates, 2013-2017
Figure 4: FDI attraction by industry, 2017
Figure 5: Contribution to electricity production and distribution in GDP, 2012 – 2017e
Figure 6: World electricity volume, 1985-2016
Figure 7: Structure of world electricity volume, 2016
Figure 8: Non-renewable electricity supply shares of the world, 1973
Figure 9: Non-renewable electricity supply shares of the world, 2015
Figure 10: Global renewable electricity capacity, 2015-2016
Figure 11: The structure of renewable electricity production worldwide, 2016
Figure 12: Renewable electricity capacity * in the world by country, 2016
Figure 13: Average per capita electricity in the world, 1985 – 2016
Figure 14: World’s top largest electricity producing countries, 2015 – 2016
Figure 15: Contribution structure of world electricity production, 2016
Figure 16: Electricity production volume in some countries, 2006 – 2016
Figure 17: Electricity consumption by region, 2006 – 2016
Figure 18: Top 10 most electricity consuming countries in 2016
Figure 19: World electricity exports, 1985-2016e
Figure 20: Potential and characteristics of wind electricity in 3 regions and by wind speed
Figure 21: Total supply of electricity, 2010 – 2017e
Figure 22: Proportion of electricity generation by supplier, 2016
Figure 23: Structure of electricity production by source of materials, 2012 – Q3/2018
Figure 24: Import of electricity, 2010 – 2017
Figure 25: Import of electricity from China, 2010 – 2016e
Figure 26: Commercial electricity, 2012 – 9M/2017e
Figure 27: Electricity consumption per capita of Vietnam, 2000-2016
Figure 28: Electricity consumption structure, 2017
Figure 29: Elastic electricity factor/GDP, 2010 – 2017e
Figure 30: Electricity outage, 2012 – 2017e
Figure 31: Average electricity purchase price of EVN, 1/2015 – 10/2017
Figure 32: Average electricity price, July/2007 – December /2017
Figure 33: Price of input material, January/2014 – October/2017
Figure 34: Structure of electricity production by primary energy source
Figure 35: Average per capita consumption of coal and and CO₂
Figure 36: Import of electrical wires and cables, 2011 – 2018e
Figure 37: Investment capital of power plants
Figure 38: Net revenue, 2015 – 2016
Figure 39: Profit indicator, 2015 – 2016
Figure 40: Financial cost, 2015 – 2016
Figure 41: Self-financing rate, 2015 – 2016
Figure 42: Total asset, 2015 – 2016
Figure 43: Average days of receivables, 2016
Figure 44: Profit indicators, 2016
Figure 45: Days in inventory, 2016
Figure 46: Solvency, 2015 – 2016
List of tables
Table 1: Compare the advantages and disadvantages of hydroelectricity and thermal electricity
Table 2: Commercial electricity according to the distribution companies (Million kWh), 2016 – 2018
Table 3: Electricity supply reliability criteria for 2017-2018
Table 4: Vietnam’s getting electricity indicator, 2013 – 2017
Table 5: Avoided cost tariff applied to small and medium-sized hydroelectric plants in 2017
Table 6: Average electricity wholesale price of EVN for other electricity corporations in 2016
Table 7: Comparison of electricity industry structure before and after 2008