VIETNAM CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

While the Asian construction industry is showing signs of cooling, typically the slowing economic growth of China has indirectly affected the construction industry. A wide range of industries, raw materials are affected as cement, steel, … China accounts for a large proportion not only in the global construction industry but also in Asia, so China’s influence on the regional construction market is very huge. Meanwhile, in Europe and North America, the construction market continued to remain unchanged over the past several years, due to the volatile regional economic situation and unstable recovery.

In Vietnamese construction market, after a long time of developing “bubbles” with virtual prices and then falling into recession, house prices gradually return to real value. On 4/4/2017, the Ministry of Construction issued Decision 235 / QD-BXD announcing the construction cost estimation norm. On 29/9/2017, the Ministry of Construction issued Circular No. 10/2017/TT-BXD on national technical standards on products, goods, construction materials and guidance on technical regulation conformity certification and announcement.

Construction machinery imports continued to be vibrant in 2017. Japan, South Korea and China continued to be 3 main markets of Vietnam. Vietnam is one of the most attractive destinations for retailers in Southeast Asia due to the booming economy.

Becoming an export-oriented economy with export turnover accounting for a significant portion of 80% nominal GDP, Vietnam is attracting a large and growing number of foreign investment. With the increase in demand for land and industrial plants, this segment will continue to be an attractive investment channel.

The supply of industrial parks in the first 9 months of 2018 did not change in both Hanoi and HCMC. The occupancy rates and rental rates have been improved thanks to stable supply.

The typical Vietnam construction enterprises belong to 3 following groups: (i) housing and industrial construction: Cotecons, Hoa Binh, Deta, Song Đa, Vissai… (ii) infrastructure construction: Cienco 1, Vinaconex,… (iii) dedicated construction: Samsung Engineering, Becamex showed the positive growth rate compared to the same period last year. Among the Vietnam construction enterprises, Cotecons is a bright spot in revenue as well as profit as the industry leader. It is noteworthy that in 2016, foreign-invested enterprises Chiel Industries Vietnam which always operated effectively in the previous years had the largest decrease in sales, caused by the instability from the parent company in Korea, withdrawing capital made Cheil hard to work. In the top 10 largest companies in Vietnam construction industry, there are companies such as Hoa Binh, Delta,..

Abbreviation
Executive summary
1. Business environment
1.1 Macroeconomic situation
1.2 Legal framework
1.3 Economic agreements
2. Industry overview
2.1 Global construction market
2.1.1 Scale and characteristics of world construction industry
2.1.2 Scale and characteristics of regional construction industry
2.1.3 Current state of world construction industry
2.2 Vietnam construction market
2.2.1 Vietnam construction industry overview
2.2.2 Input factors
2.2.3 Construction activities
2.2.4 Construction output
2.2.4.1 Residential Houses
2.2.4.2 Non-residential Houses
2.2.4.3 Infrastructure
2.2.4.4 Dedicated construction
2.3 Industry risk
2.4 Driving forces of the industry
2.5 Planning and Forecast
2.5.1 Planning
2.5.2 Forecast
3. Enterprise analysis
3.1 Overview of enterprises
3.2 Profitability
3.3 Solvency
3.4 Affordability
3.5 Performance efficiency
3.6 Profit ratio
4. Appendix

Coteccons Construction Joint Stock Company
Hoa Binh Construction & Real Estate Corporation
Petrovietnam Construction Joint Stock Corporation
Ninh Binh Vissai Joint Stock Company
CIENCO4 Group
Construction Corporation No.1 Joint Stock Company
Delta Civil And Industrial Construction Company Ltd
Song Da Corporation
Constructuon Joint Stock company 47

Figure 1: GDP growth by quarter, 2015 – Q3/2018
a. Construction sector’s contribution to GDP, 2013-2021f
Figure 2: Construction Value and Infrastructure, 2010-2022f
Figure 3: VND/USD exchange rate, 2013-6/2018
Figure 4: FDI, 2014 – Q3/2018e
Figure 5: FDI attraction by sector, 9Ms/2018
Figure 6: Situation of ODA attraction and disbursement, 2010-2018f
Figure 7: GDP growth rate by region, 2000-2021f
Figure 8: Structure of total real estate assets by region in 2015
Figure 9: Value of World’s Construction industry, 2016-2022f
Figure 10: Average contribution ratio of construction industry on the world, 2016-2022f
Figure 11: Value structure of the world construction industry, 2010 – 2020f
Figure 12: Top cities with the highest gross margin in civil engineering in 2016
Figure 13: Value of Asia’s construction industry, 2013 – 2019f
Figure 14: Construction value structure in Asia in 2014
Figure 15: Value structure of Asia’s construction market in 2014
Figure 16: World’s top 10 largest steel-producing countries,  6M/2017 – 6M/2018
Figure 17: World’s top largest steel-producing companies, 2016
Figure 18: World’s top largest cement-producing companies, 2015
Figure 19: Top 10 international contractors with the biggest revenue in 2017
Figure 20: Top 10 domestic contractors with the world’s largest revenue in 2017
Figure 21: Value of construction industry, 2010-2016
Figure 22: Number of employees in construction industry, 2010-2016
Figure 23: Construction industry value, 2012-6M/2017
Figure 24: Share of economic sectors in the construction industry, 6M/2017
Figure 25: Steel price movement, 6M/2017
Figure 26: Cement price in factories of some cement enterprises, 9Ms/2018
Figure 27: Retail price of cement by region, 6Ms/2018
Figure 28: Labor productivity in Vietnam, 2006-2017
Figure 29: Vietnam labor productivity by profession in 2016
Figure 30: Minimum wage by country 2014 – 2016
Figure 31: Import share of construction machines by type, 2017e
Figure 32: Import share of construction machines by manufacturer, 2017e
Figure 33: Import share of construction machines by country, 2017e
Figure 34: Import share of new construction machines by manufacturer, 2017e
Figure 35: Total supply by category, Q3/2018
Figure 36: Supply structure by region, Q3/2018
Figure 37: Vacancy rate and rental price, Q3/2018
Figure 38: Supply of commercial center for lease, 2010-9Ms/2018
Figure 39: Rental price and vacancy rate of commercial centers, 2010-9Ms/2018
Figure 40: Total supply, Q3/2018
Figure 41: Retail supply structure by region, Q3/2018
Figure 42: Vacancy rate and rental price, Q3/2018
Figure 43: Total supply of commercial centers, 2007-9Ms/2018
Figure 44: Rental price and vacancy rate of commercial centers, 2009-9Ms/2018
Figure 45: New supply and vacancy rate of grade A offices, 2010-9Ms/2018
Figure 46: Total supply by region, Q3/2018
Figure 47: Office rental price, Q1/2015-Q3/2018
Figure 48: Average rental price by area, Q3/2018
Figure 49: Office supply and vacancy rate, Q1/2016-Q3/2018
Figure 50: Total supply and rental price by category, Q3/2018
Figure 51: Office rental price, Q1/2015-Q3/2018
Figure 52: Total Supply by Category, 2005-9Ms/2018
Figure 53: Apartment rental price by category, Q1/2013-Q3/2018
Figure 54: Apartment rental price and rental capacity, Q1/2015-Q3/2018
Figure 55: Total supply of apartments for rent, Q1/2015-Q3/2018
Figure 56: Apartment rental prices by class, Q4/2016-Q3/2018
Figure 57: Housing supply in Hanoi, 2008-9Ms/2018
Figure 58: Price fluctuation of apartment for sale, Q1/2009 – Q3/2018
Figure 59: New supply and number of apartments sold,
Figure 60: 2010-9Ms/2018
Figure 61: Offer price for apartment in Ho Chi Minh City, Q1/2015 – Q3/2018
Figure 62: High-end apartment segment’s price, 2010-9Ms/2018
Figure 63: Structure of buying houses by purpose in HCM, 2016
Figure 64: Total villa/townhouse supply, Q1/2015-Q3/2018
Figure 65: Price fluctuation of villas and townhouses,
Figure 66: Q1/2014-Q3/2018
Figure 67: Total villa/townhouse supply, Q1/2014-Q3/2018
Figure 68: Hotel total supply, Q1/2016-Q3/2018
Figure 69: Rental price and capacity, Q1/2016-Q3/2018
Figure 70: Hotel total supply, Q1/2016 – Q3/2018
Figure 71: Rental price and capacity, Q3/2018
Figure 72: Average rental price and capacity, Q1/2016-Q3/2018
Figure 73: Total Supply by Region, Q3/2018
Figure 74: Rental price by area, Q3/2018
Figure 75: Total supply and vacancy rate of Northern Industrial Zone, Q3/2018
Figure 76: Average rental price for the Northern Industrial Zone, Q3/2018
Figure 77: Total supply and vacancy rate, Q3/2018
Figure 78: Rental price by area, Q3/2018
Figure 79: Vacancy rate, 2011-9Ms/2018
Figure 80: Rental price for factories available, 2011 -9Ms/2018
Figure 81: Rental price for land by area, 2011 – 9Ms/2018
Figure 82: Infrastructure Rank by Country, 2017
Figure 83: Percentage of logistic costs in 2016 GDP of Vietnam compared to other countries
Figure 84: Investment capital for various types of transportation, 2010 – 2015
Figure 85: LPI of Vietnam, 2010 – 2018
Figure 86: The outstanding balance of BOT and BT credit of the banking system, 2014 – 9M/2017
Figure 87: Proportion of power generation by supplier, 2016
Figure 88: Total electricity supply, 2010 – 9Ms/2018e
Figure 89: Structure of electricity production, 2017
Figure 90: Power loss, 2010 – 9Ms/2018e
Figure 91: Rate of Electricity losses in the supply chain, 2010 – 2017
Figure 92: Structure of Investment Costs for Infrastructure Development in GDP, 1995 – 2013
Figure 93: Urbanization levels, 2010 – 2017
Figure 94: Disposable income and household spending, 2008 – 2017f
Figure 95: Real estate outstanding credit, 2012-2017
Figure 96: Structure of real estate outstanding credit, 2017
Figure 97: Structure of population by class (expenditure), 2013 – 2020f
Figure 98: Forecast for demand for steel in Vietnam to 2020
Figure 99: Growth forecast for construction industry, 2016-2025f
Figure 100: Net revenue growth, 2016-2017
Figure 101: Gross profit growth, 2017
Figure 102: Solvency, 2017
Figure 103: Accounts receivable turnover, 2017
Figure 104: Affordability of enterprises, 2017
Figure 105: Total asset turnover, 2017
Figure 106: Fixed asset turnover, 2017
Figure 107: Administrative expenses/ net revenue, 2016-2017
Figure 108: Interest expenses/ net revenue, 2016-2017
Figure 109: Profit ratio, 2017

Table 1: Top 10 construction machine manufacturers worldwide, 2017
Table 2: World’s top 10 largest construction contractors, 2016
Table 3: World’s top largest cement-producing countries, 2017
Table 4: World’s top 20 real estate companies with the largest total assets in 2016
Table 5: Construction cost in some major cities in ASEAN region, Q4 / 2016
Table 6: Utilities costs in some major cities in ASEAN, Q4 / 2016
Table 7: Typical projects are scheduled for 2018-2020
Table 8: Typical projects under construction, 2018
Table 9: Typical projects under construction
Table 10: Typical Serviced Apartments in Hanoi, 2018
Table 11: Typical projects under construction in 2018
Table 12: Typical projects are projected to complete
Table 13: Typical projects are open for sale
Table 14: Lending rates of commercial banks, Q3/2018
Table 15: Typical projects are open for sale
Table 16: Typical projects in the period 2018-2020
Table 17: Typical projects in the period 2018-2025
Table 18: Investment projects
Table 19: Quality of Infrastructure in Vietnam, 2011-2017
Table 20: Roadway infrastructure, 2017
Table 21: Major seaports in Vietnam
Table 22: Ability of receiving ships of Vietnamese ports
Table 23: Investment in expanding and upgrading infrastructure of airport
Table 24: Operational capacity of some major airways, 2016e
Table 25: Revenue and profit of AVC, 2017
Table 26: Electricity transmission and distribution network length, 2011 – 2017
Table 27: Electricity loss rate in some countries, 2011-2014
Table 28: Results of reducing Electricity losses in 2017 – Plan 2018
Table 29: Domestic demand of some products
Table 30: Top construction enterprises having the largest revenue in 2017