VIETNAM COAL INDUSTRY

The coal industry has an essential role for production activities, particularly in the energy sector. In the past five years, coal production has been volatile, especially in 2013, the world production of coal has increased sharply. However, this figure has been reduced in 2015. This is also the sharpest decline since the IEA began its statistical year in 1971.

Asia is the largest producer of coal in the world, followed by North America, Europe, and the CIS. China and the United States are two countries having a very strong coal industry with large reserves of coal, modern mining technologies and appropriate development policies, especially in some countries that restrict exports, focusing on energy production and other domestic industries.

Coal, one of the most stressed commodities in the context of the price of mineral resources are affected. Both thermal coal and metallurgical coal have fallen sharply over the past few years, even though thermal power generation accounted for about 41% of the world’s total, while metallurgical coal is still important in steel production. In the first quarter of 2018, thermal coal prices continued to rise sharply after a rebound in 2016. It is expected to continue to rise in 2018 due to strong demand from leading importers in Asia such as China, India, Japan, Korea… 

Vietnam coal industry has a small scale and complicated geological conditions. Over the past few years, open-cast exploited coal output has still remained the key role and represented about 55-60% of the total coal mining volume of the whole industry. Vietnam coal industry is facing many difficulties, business efficiency is reduced due to factors such as the price of domestic coal is decreased, production costs are increasing when the coal mining exploitation increasingly exhausted. That requests enterprises to boost investment in pit mining, along with an increase in taxes and fees. Vietnam coal is hardly competitive with imported coal due to the higher price but lower quality.

From a coal-exporting country, by 2013, Vietnam has started importing coal with the ascending output. By the end of the first quarter of 2018, imported coal output reached x, xxx thousand tons (increased 1.9%) and export turnover reached xxx million USD (up 9.5% over the same period). Coal prices in Vietnam are subject to a lot of pressure from taxes and high fees in production costs. The business results of the coal industry in the past few years have not had many mutations even tended to decrease. However, by 2017, the situation was more positive.

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Abbreviations
Executive Summary
1. Business Environment
1.1 Macroeconomic situation
1.2 Legal barriers
1.3 Trade agreements
2. Industry overview
2.1 World’s market
2.1.1 Exploitation- Consumption
2.1.2 Import- Export
2.1.3 Price movement
2.1.4 Exploitation – consumption reality in typical countries
2.2 Vietnam’s Coal Industry
2.2.1 History of Vietnam’s Coal Industry
2.2.2 Definition and classification
2.2.3 Industrial value chain
2.2.4 Industrial scale and feature
2.2.5 Industry exploitation- production reality
2.2.6 Mining methods
2.2.7 Consumption
2.2.8 Import
2.2.9 Export
2.2.10 Inventory
2.2.11 Price movement
2.2.12 Distribution and delivery
2.3 Risk analysis
2.4 Five forces and SWOT analysis
2.5 Development plan of coal industry
3. Enterprise Analysis
3.1 Enterprise Introduction
3.2 Financial analysis
4 Financial analysis appendix

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Ha Lam Coal JSC
Mong Duong Coal JSC
Nui Beo Coal JSC
Cao Son Coal JSC
Ha Tu Coal JSC
Deo Nai Coal JSC
Vang Danh Coal JSC
Central Coal JSC

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List of figures
Figure 1: GDP growth rate, 2015 – Q1/2018e
Figure 2: The proportion of mineral mining industry in GDP, 2013-Q1/2018
Figure 3: Electric average price, 7/2007 – 3/2018
Figure 4: Electric consumption per capita, 2000 – 2017e
Figure 5: CNY/VND. 2013 – Q1/2018
Figure 6: Monthly CPI Fluctuation, 2014 – 3/2018
Figure 7: World’s coal output from 2011 – 2016e
Figure 8: World’s coal reserves, 2016
Figure 9: Coal production in some countries, 2016
Figure 10: The coal production of areas, 2011-2016
Figure 11: The coal volume by product, 2014-2016e
Figure 12: Coal production by type, 2016
Figure 13: Global coal consumption, 2011 – 2016e
Figure 14: Coal consumption by region, 2011-2016
Figure 15: Coal consumption by sectors, 2012 – 2040f
Figure 16: Coal consumption in some countries, 2016
Figure 17: Coal consumption by types, 2016
Figure 18: Global coal import value, 2011 – 2016
Figure 19: Global coal export value, 2016
Figure 20: The biggest exporters in the world, 2017
Figure 21: Steaming coal import by country , 2015
Figure 22: Coke coal export by country, 2015
Figure 23: Price of thermal coal from 10/2012 – 3/2018
Figure 24: China’s coal export and import 2011 – 2016
Figure 25: China’s coal production and consumption, 2011 – 2016
Figure 26: Coal consumption by field, 2015 – 2018f
Figure 27: Production and consumption in America 2011 – 2016
Figure 28: US’ coal export – import, 2011 – 2016
Figure 29: Coal export from the US by area, 2016
Figure 30: Coal import from the US by area, 2016
Figure 31: Coal consumption by sectors, 2012-2013
Figure 32: Coal production and consumption in India 2011 – 2016
Figure 33: Coal consumption by sectors, 2016 – 2017
Figure 34: Coal export and import in India, 2011 – 2017*
Figure 35: Coal reserves in India
Figure 36: Coal consumption in Japan 2011 – 2015
Figure 37: Coal production in Japan 2011 – 2015
Figure 38: The proportion of Japan’s coal export markets in 2016
Figure 39: Japan coal imports 2010 -2016
Figure 40: The proportion of Japan’s coal import markets in 2016
Figure 41: Major export share of coking coal from Australia, 2015-2016
Figure 42: Coal production and consumption in Australia, 2011 – 2015
Figure 43: Major export share of thermal coal from Australia, 2015-2016
Figure 44: The number of firms and workers in the coal industry, 2010 – 2016
Figure 45: Revenue and profit of the coal industry, 2010 – 2016
Figure 46: Total investment and fixed assets of coal industry, 2010 – 2016
Figure 47: Coal reserves by category, 2016
Figure 48: Output of coal mining, 2010 – 2017e
Figure 49: Coal production price, 2001-2030f
Figure 50: Coal consumption structure, 2017
Figure 51: Vinacomin business results, 2013 – 2017
Figure 52: Coal provision for some cement factories, 2015
Figure 53: Import output and turnover, 2013 – Q1/2018
Figure 54: Vietnam export (Import) turn-over to China and the world, 2009 – Q1/2018
Figure 55: Price of imported coal, 1Q.2018
Figure 56: Structure of imported coal types by volume, Q1/2018
Figure 57: Top 10 largest import companies by volume, Q1/2018e
Figure 58: Top 10 largest export companies by volume, Q1/2018e
Figure 59: Vietnam’s stone coal export output and turnover, 2011 – Q1/2018
Figure 60: Vietnam export market structure in Q1/2018
Figure 61: Coal inventories, 2010 – Q1/2018e
Figure 62: Vietnam coal reserve by area, 2015
Figure 63: Forecast of coal consumption by region, 2015 – 2035f
Figure 64: Forecasted production and imports, 2010 – 2020f
Figure 65: Revenue and revenue growth, 2016 – 2017
Figure 66: Gross profit margin, 2016 – 2017
Figure 67: Selling expenses and Selling expenses/Revenue, 2016 – 2017
Figure 68: G&A expenses and G&A expenses/Revenue, 2016-2017
Figure 69: Asset structure , 2016-2017
Figure 70: Debt structure , 2016-2017
Figure 71: The inventory Turnover , 2016-2017
Figure 72: The receivables turnover, 2016-2017
Figure 73: Liability structure of coal enterprises, 2017
Figure 74: Solvency coefficient, 2016
Figure 75: Using asset effect, 2016
Figure 76: Performance indicators, 2017
Figure 77: After-tax profit, 2017

List of tables
Table 1: Resources Tax rate Table
Table 2: Charges for domestic coal production
Table 3: Electricity planning VII of coal provision in the near future
Table 4: Share of imported coal by type of use% in 2017
Table 5: Adjustment of coal price selling for electricity industry
Table 6: Coal price selling for electricity generation (Hon Gai-Cam Pha’s coal by 01/07/016)
Table 7: Coal price selling for individual household
Table 8: Coal price selling for cement, fertilizer and paper
Table 9: Forecasting demand for coal

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