Pepper industry is one of the agricultural sectors that make an important contribution to the entire agriculture in Vietnam. Common pepper products in the world market are black pepper and white pepper. Today, pepper, a high-end spice, is the most commonly used spice in the world and plays the leading role (about 34%) in total spice production value traded in the world. Global demand for pepper has been increasing, which makes pepper trade also dynamic. The global pepper price depend on the variations of pepper prices in major pepper exprorters. Vietnamese pepper is now exported to nearly 80 countries and territories all over the world. The average pepper export price of Vietnam was booming in the period 2012-2015, after a sharp fall in two consecutive years from late 2015 to 2017. The export turnover of many enterprises declined because the average export price of pepper in 2016 had continuously decreased since the end of 2015, affecting the business results.

Abbreviations
Executive summary
1. Business environment
1.1. Macroeconomic situation
1.2. Legal framework
1.3. Trade agreements
2. World pepper market
2.1. Current situation of production
2.1.1. Definition and classification
2.1.2. Production
2.2. Consumption
2.3. Pepper Import – Export
2.3.1. Export
2.3.2. Import
2.4. Price movement of some types of pepper
2.5. Pepper markets in some countries
3. Vietnam pepper market
3.1. History of industry formation and development
3.2. Value chain of the industry
3.3. Production process and technology
3.4. Current situation of production
3.5. Consumption
3.6. Pepper Import – Export
3.7. Price movement of some types of pepper
3.8. Methods of purchase and payment
4. Industry overview
4.1. Risk Analysis and SWOT Analysis
4.1.1. Risk Analysis
4.1.2. SWOT Analysis
4.2. Development planning and forecast of pepper industry
4.2.1. Industry planning
4.2.2. Forecast
5. Enterprise analysis
5.1. Enterprise introduction
5.2. Enterprise analysis
6. Appendix

Lien Thanh Joint Stock Company
Phuc Sinh Joint Stock Company
Hanoi Production Services Import Export Joint Stock Company
Pearl Trading Service and Import Export Joint Stock Company
Petrolimex International Trading Joint Stock Company
Harris Freeman Vietnam Company Limited
DK Commodity Co., Ltd.
Nedspice Processing Vietnam Company Limited
Olam Vietnam Co., Ltd.
Intimex Group

List of figures
Figure 1: GDP growth, 2012 – 3M/2018
Figure 2: Gross output of agriculture, forestry and fishery at comparative prices (2010), 2015 – 2018
Figure 3: VND/USD exchange rate, 2013-3/2018
Figure 4: Average lending rate, 2012 – Q1/2018
Figure 5: Import – Export, 2015 – Q1/2018
Figure 6: Value share of pepper industry contributing to Vietnam’s export turnover, 2010 – 3M/2018
Figure 7: Global pepper production by type, 2012-2017e
Figure 8: Growth in world’s new pepper growing area over the years, 2014 – 2017e
Figure 9: Structure of global black pepper production by country, 2017e
Figure 10: Structure of global white pepper volume by country, 2017e
Figure 11: Pepper consumption structure by region, 2017e
Figure 12: Pepper consumption worldwide, 2012 – 2017e
Figure 13: Pepper consumption in world’s largest pepper producing countries, 2016 – 2017e
Figure 14: Export structure of pepper by type, 2017e
Figure 15: Global pepper exports and export growth, 2010-2017e
Figure 16: Top countries that exported the largest quantity of pepper (tons), 2016 – 2017e
Figure 17: Global pepper imports and import growth, 2012-2017e
Figure 18: Top countries that imported the largest quantity of pepper (tons), 2016 – 2017e
Figure 19: Pepper’s spot price movement at Kochi-India trading floor, 1/2016 – 3/2018
Figure 20: Black pepper volume structure in Indonesia by region, 2017e
Figure 21: Pepper volume in Indonesia, 2017e
Figure 22: White pepper volume structure in Indonesia by region, 2017e
Figure 23: Pepper import and export in Indonesia, 2006 – 2017
Figure 24: Pepper production in India, 2017e
Figure 25: Pepper consumption in India, 2017e
Figure 26: Structure of pepper import markets of India, 2017
Figure 27: India’s pepper import and import, 2012-2017
Figure 28: Structure of pepper export markets to India, 2017
Figure 29: Brazil’s pepper production and consumption, 2017e
Figure 30: Pepper production structure by type, 2017
Figure 31: Brazil’s pepper export by type, 2017
Figure 32: Brazil’s monthly pepper export, 2010 – 2017
Figure 33: Structure of Brazil’s pepper importers, 2017
Figure 34: Pepper cultivation area in Vietnam, 2009 – 2017
Figure 35: Pepper production in Vietnam, 2011-3M/2018e
Figure 36: Pepper structure by type, 2016
Figure 37: Distribution structure of pepper volume in Vietnam, 2016
Figure 38: Pepper consumption in Vietnam, 2011-2017e
Figure 39: Pepper exports and export turnover in Vietnam, 2011 – 3M/2018
Figure 40: Structure of Vietnam’s pepper importers by volume, 3M/2018
Figure 41: Pepper export volume by country, 3M/2018
Figure 42: Structure of exported pepper by type, 2M/2018
Figure 43: Structure of exported pepper by processing step, 2016
Figure 44: Structure of Vietnam’s pepper export by type of enterprise, 2013 – 3M/2018
Figure 45: Top 10 largest pepper export enterprises in Vietnam, 3M/2018
Figure 46: Structure of Vietnam’s pepper import by type, 2016
Figure 47: Vietnam’s pepper import, 2010 – 2017e
Figure 48: Top pepper importing countries by value, (USD), 2016 – 2017
Figure 49: Average monthly export price of pepper, 1/2017- 3/2018
Figure 50: Export price movement of pepper in Vietnam, 4/2017-4/2018
Figure 51: The wholesale price of black pepper by month, 1/2017 – 3/2018
Figure 52: The wholesale price of black pepper by week, 1/2018 – 3/2018
Figure 53: Forecast for pepper export volume, 2015 – 2020f
Figure 54: Net revenue from goods sold and services provided, 2015-2016
Figure 55: Gross profit and gross profit margin of enterprises, 2016
Figure 56: Sales expenses/Net revenue, 2015-2016
Figure 57: Administrative expenses/Net revenue, 2015-2016
Figure 58: Financial expenses/Net revenue, 2015-2016
Figure 59: Asset structure, 2016
Figure 60: Capital structure, 2016
Figure 61: Asset use efficiency, 2016
Figure 62: Solvency, 2016
List of tables
Table 1: Differences betweem black pepper and white pepper
Table 2: Pepper harvest time in major pepper producing countries
Table 3: Equipments used in black pepper processing line
Table 4: Physical indicators of black pepper
Table 5: Chemical indicators of black pepper
Table 6: ASTA Standards
Table 7: IPC Standard Specifications for Black Pepper
Table 8: IPC Standard Specifications for White Pepper
Table 9: Time and schedule of pepper harvest of Vietnam’s pepper regions
Table 10: Top pepper exporting enterprises in 2016