VIETNAM LEATHER AND FOOTWEAR INDUSTRY

The global’s tanning industry is characterized by small or medium-sized family businesses. Countries with the fastest growing in tanning industry such as South Korea, Taiwan, China, and Indonesia, have difficulty in supplying raw materials and have to import large quantities of raw materials. Currently, many tanneries have been built in these countries to meet the growing demand for leather, while most of the tanneries in Europe, Japan, and the United States have been shut down. Over the years, the global’s leather consumption growth has been negligible for cow leather and decreased by 2% per year for sheep and goat leather. In contrast, skin consumption in developing countries has tended to increase sharply. In the Far East especially in China, where improvements in incomes combined with increased tanning capacity and increased efficiency in the production of footwear to boost demand.

The Far East continues to be the largest net importer of cow leather. This is due to the development of leather products and footwear production in China, Vietnam … Export of cow leather from Africa has grown at a rapid pace due to the important supply of some countries such as Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Zimbabwe, while exports of sheep and goat leather are likely to decline due to the reduction of domestic demand.

Total global footwear production maintained 23 billion pairs in the past two years after an average growth rate of 15% from 2010 to 2014. China, India, and Vietnam are the global’s largest footwear producers with 70% of world output.

Leather and footwear manufacturing is a key industry of Vietnam. However, the production of leather and footwear is still mainly in the form of export processing, with the source of input materials specified by importing customers. Therefore, the value added to the product is low and highly dependent on the supply from abroad. Each year, Vietnam consumes billions of dollars to import. The localization rate of leather and footwear industry at 50% is not enough to meet the export requirements of Trade Agreements (almost 55%) signed and being negotiated. For leather footwear products, the localization rate is even lower due to the dependence on the imported leather source.

Vietnam leather and footwear industry continues to benefit from China’s fluctuations such as the devaluation of the Chinese yuan and the high increase in labor costs. In addition, many investors in the leather and footwear industry are turning to invest and expand production in Vietnam (utilizing cheap labor) and to reduce investment risks in China. Along with the participation of foreign invested enterprises, the export turnover of footwear in 2017 reached xx.xxx billion, up 12.7% compared to the same period in 2016. Meanwhile, in China, due to production costs tend to increase, FDI leather and footwear enterprises tend to shift investment from China to Vietnam. The footwear industry is forecast to continue to grow sharply from 8-15% in the period 2018 to 2020.

Abbreviations
Report summary
1. Business environment
1.1. Macroeconomic situation
1.2. Legal framework
1.3. Free trade agreements
2. Overview of Global Leather and Footwear Industry
2.1. Value chain of Leather and Footwear Industry
2.2. Production Methods
2.3. Leather industry
2.3.1. Raw materials
2.3.2. Production
2.3.3. Consumption
2.3.4. Import export
2.3.5. Price movements
2.3.6. Some typical countries
2.4. Footwear industry
2.4.1. Raw materials
2.4.2. Production
2.4.3. Consumption
2.4.4. Import export
2.4.5. Footwear prices
2.4.6. Some typical countries
2.4.7. Some famous brandnames
3. Overview of Vietnam Leather- Footwear  industry
3.1. History of Establishment and Development
3.2. Industry Scale and Features
3.3. Leather industry
3.3.1. Raw materials
3.3.2. Production – Consumption
3.3.3. Export
3.3.4. Import
3.3.5. Inventory
3.4. Foodwear industry
3.4.1. Raw materials
3.4.2. Production
3.4.3. Consumption
3.4.4. Export
3.4.5. Import
3.4.6. Footwear prices
3.4.7. Inventory
3.4.8. Distribution channels
3.5. Some other leather products
3.6. Machinery/Technology
3.7. Risks and Threats
3.8. Industry Planning
3.9. Driving Forces and Forecasts
4. Enterprise Analysis
   Appendix

 

Pou Yuen Vietnam Co., Ltd (HCMC)
TaeKwang Vina Industrial JSC (Dong Nai)
Chang Shin Vietnam Co., Ltd (Dong Nai)
Hwa Seung Vina Co., Ltd (Dong Nai)
Pou Sung Vietnam Co., Ltd (Dong Nai)
Pou Chen Vietnam Co., Ltd (Dong Nai)
Thai Binh Footwear Investment and Production JSC (Binh Duong)
Dona Standard Vietnam Footwear Co., Ltd (Dong Nai)
Ty Xuan Co., Ltd
Samho Footwear Co., Ltd

List of figures
Figure 1: GDP growth, 2010 – 3M/2018
Figure 2: Monthly CPI fluctuations 2014 – 3/2018
Figure 3: Total disposable income and household expenditure, 2010 – 2017f
Figure 4: Average population and population growth, 2006 -2017
Figure 5: Import export, Q1/2015 – Q1/2018
Figure 6: Export structure by commodity category, 3M/2018
Figure 7: USD/VND exchange rate, 2016 – 3/2018
Figure 8: FDI attraction by sector, 3M/2018
Figure 9: Retail sales of goods in Vietnam, 2010 – 3M/2018
Figure 10: The market share of modern retail in total retail revenue 2014
Figure 11: Consumer confidence index – CCI
Figure 12: Vietnam’s integration process since 1995 to date
Figure 13: Number of cow, buffalo, sheep, goat and other animals providing soft leather, 2010 – 2015e
Figure 14: Cowhide, buffalo hides, sheepskin and goat skin, 2010 – 2015e
Figure 15: Cowhide, buffalo hides, sheepskin and goat skin, 2010 – 2015e
Figure 16: Leather consumption, 2010 – 2014
Figure 17: Leather consumption structure by products, 2013
Figure 18: Export of hides HS 41 – 43, 2012 – 2017e
Figure 19: Hides export structure by type, 2017e
Figure 20: Rawhide price fluctuations in the US, 1/2012 – 6/2017
Figure 21: Footwear material import, 2010 – 2016e
Figure 22: Footwear production structure by region, 2016
Figure 23: Global footwear output, 2011 – 2016
Figure 24: Market share of consumption by region, 2016
Figure 25: Global footwear consumption, 2010 – 2016
Figure 26: Footwear consumption by type, 2015 – 2017e
Figure 27: Footwear consumption value, 2012 – 2017e
Figure 28: Footwear exports, 2010 – 2017e
Figure 29: Market share (import value) by region, 2017e
Figure 30: The movement of average global footwear export price, 2004 – 2015
Figure 31: CPI of footwear in urban areas of the world, 1/2012 – 3/2018
Figure 32: Footwear import-export in the US, 2010 – 2017
Figure 33: Footwear import-export in EU, 2010 – 2016
Figure 34: Localization ratio by enterprises and sectors (%)
Figure 35: The number of buffalo, cow, goat and other animals supplying soft leather, 2010 – 2015
Figure 36: Unprocessed hides, 2010 – 2015
Figure 37: Total output of some tanned leather products, 2012 – 3M/2018e
Figure 38: Tanned leather imports, 2010 – 2017e
Figure 39: Tanned leather import structure by country, 2017e
Figure 40: Leather exports, 2012 – 2017e
Figure 41: Leather export structure by country, 2016e
Figure 42: Leather inventory by type, 2010 – 2017e
Figure 43: Import of textile and leather – footwear materials, 2010 – 3M/2018e
Figure 44: Import structure (value) of raw materials by country, 2015
Figure 45: Import structure of textile and garment materials, footwear by country, 3M/2018e
Figure 46: Export of textile and leather – footwear materials, 2012 – 3M/2018e
Figure 47: Export structure of textile and leather – footwear materials, 3M/2018e
Figure 48: Number of enterprises by region, 2015
Figure 49: Total output of main products, 2012 – 3M/2018e
Figure 50: Domestic footwear consumption, 2010 – 2016e
Figure 51: Retail sales of footwear, 2012 – 2017e
Figure 52: Sport shoes retail sales, 2012 – 2017e
Figure 53: Sales of some major sport shoes types, 2017e
Figure 54: Consumption struction by value, 2017e
Figure 55: Consumer structure by shoe spending per month, 2013
Figure 56: Footwear consumption structure, 2014
Figure 57: Footwear consumption segments in Vietnam
Figure 58: Footwear exports, 2012 – 3M/2018e
Figure 59: Footwear exports by country, 3M/2017 – 3M/2018e
Figure 60: Contribution structure of enterprises in leather – footwear export, 2012 – 3M/2018e
Figure 61: Footwear imports, 2010 – 2016e
Figure 62: Footwear import structure by country, 2016e
Figure 63: Average footwear export price, 2014
Figure 64: Inventories, 2012 – 2017e
Figure 65: Export of bags, suitcases, wallets, etc, 2012 – 3M/2018e
Figure 66: Export structure by enterprise, 2013 – 3M/2018e
Figure 67: Machinery imports, 2010 – 2017e
Figure 68: Machinery import structure, 2017e
Figure 69: Total investment capital in planning period (VND billion)
Figure 70: Labour cost comparison between some major footwear producer countries (USD/hour)
Figure 71: Global footwear consumption forecast, 2015e – 2020f
Figure 72: Footwear sector scale forecast, 2010 – 2020f
Figure 73: Net revenue, 2015 – 2016
Figure 74: Gross Profit, 2015 – 2016
Figure 75: Corporate Income Taxes, 2015 – 2016
Figure 76: Pou Yuen’s profits
Figure 77: Selling expenses, 2015 – 2016
Figure 78: General & Administrative expenses, 2015 – 2016
Figure 79: Self-financing rate, 2015 – 2016
Figure 80: Liabilities, 2015 – 2016
Figure 81: Profit margin, 2015 – 2016
Figure 82: Solvency, 2015 – 2016
List of tables
Table 1: Legal documents related to leather quarantine
Table 2: Current leather – footwear import taxes of some countries
Table 3: Tax reduction schedule for footwear products and footwear materials of Vietnam
Table 4: Some regulations of EVFTA and GSP
Table 5: Some regulations of the EU with imported leather – footwear products
Table 6: Top hides importing and exporting countries HS 41-43, 2017e
Table 7: Top importers of footwear materials, 2016 – 2017e
Table 8: Top 10 footwear producers 2016
Table 9: Top 10 footwear consuming countries, 2014 – 2016 (Million pairs)
Table 10: Sport shoes consumption value, 2015 – 2017e (USD million)
Table 11: Top 10 footwear exporting countries by value, 2016 – 2017e
Table 12: Top 10 footwear importing countries by value, 2016 – 2017e
Table 13: General information about the leather and footwear industry of Vietnam
Table 14: Materials supply capacity, 2015
Table 15: Competitive comparison between Vietnamese and Chinese products
Table 16: Market share of shoes brands in Vietnam, 2014 – 2017
Table 17: Typical footwear exporting enterprises, 2017
Table 18: Top major importing markets of EU-28, 2012 – 2017
Table 19: Top major importing markets of the US, 2012 – 2017
Table 20: Export value by HS code
Table 21: Export price by HS code in some countries
Table 22: Price of some major footwear types in Vietnam, 2012
Table 23: Tanning technology in Vietnam
Table 24: Tanning technology in Europe
Table 25: Production volume
Table 26: 10 enterprises having the highest revenue in the leather and footwear industry
Table 27: Other indexes, 2016